Expedition Mail of the Himalaya

A Philatelic Story of the 1921 - 1953 Mail
Appendix A


   

The following is Appendix A from my book in-work "Expedition Mail of the Himalaya, A Philatelic Story of the 1921 - 1953 Mail"

Cheers,
Eddie

Copyright 2022, Eddie Hackstaff

Appendix A (DRAFT)

Himalayan Expedition Markings and Labels of the 8000 Meter Peaks
(Through 1970)

    The following numbering has been developed to provide a tracking schema for each item. This is not a formal industry standard numbering system, but a method employed to track unique items based on the expedition and markings. Labels have been included in this list for additional tracking purposes.

Mountain/ Region
Expedition Year

Sequential Marking ID
(or Label)

EV
24-
Mx (Lx)

 

    For the purposes of this book, the numbering of markings will include all markings associated specifically with an expedition (a.k.a. expedition marking). Expedition-specific markings include:

  • Postal Markings - Markings that are applied by the expedition to the item for postal purposes. This usually encompasses markings applied to an item that associates it with a specific expedition so that once the item reaches the government postal facility, any further costs associated with forwarding the item to its final destination can be billed to the appropriate expedition.
  • Cachet - According to the APS Stamp Vocabulary, a cachet is "A design or artwork on the left-hand side of an envelope, found primarily on first day covers." Cachets are added to commemorate a specific event and placed on a cover or post card to help market the item for future sale (e.g., EV33-M4).
  • Cancellation - According to the APS Stamp Vocabulary, a cancellation is "A mark used by the post office to show that a stamp has been used." (e.g., EV33-M2)
  • Ancillary Markings - Other markings added by the expedition. (E.g., "Carried by Runner")

There is a lot of gray area in this terminology. Information about each marking is provided in this appendix and is thoroughly discussed in the chapter associated with the specific expedition.

Additional terminology:

  • Rarity - This refers to how many items are known to exist. Less than 25: Very Rare, 25 - 100: Rare, More than 100: Common
  • Scarcity - This refers to availability and is subject to sales information and how often the items are available for acquisition.

The graphics that follow have been recreated as best as possible. Most have been generated from actual images but some are based only on descriptions of the image. These graphics should not be used for authentication purposes. More detailed graphics and information are provided in the chapters associated with the expedition.

The census data is a count of the number of covers (including post cards) that I have identified as unique and have been able to document. There are more covers in existance than I have documented here and this census will be updated as more items are identified over time. These numbers may require additional explanation when noted. See appendix B and C for specific details of each item. (as of December 2021)

Table A-1 - Mt. Everest (EV)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Haver-beck
Hellrigil
Water-fall
Image
Census Data
(12/2021)

 

1924
3rd British Expedition

The "Tibet Marking", used while in Tibet
  • Rare
EV24-M1
II
E1
IIb
62
The "Base Camp Marking" used while in Tibet. The exact pupose of this marking in unknown
  • Very Rare
  • Very Scarce
EV24-M2
-
E2
IIc
14
Note: This marking is always used in association with another marking. This number is any cover that has this marking.
The "Advertising Marking" used on film advertising covers mailed from India after expedition
  • Common
EV24-M3r
I
E3
IIa
It has been stated that Noel mailed 40,000+ cards with the red marking.
The "Advertising Marking" used from various
  • Very Rare
  • Very Scarce - in combination with other expedition markings
EV24-M3b
I
E3
IIa
10
Note: This number is for items that passed through the official mail.
Questionable usage of the "Advertising Marking" on privately forwarded covers and post cards.
EV24-M3v
I
E3
IIa
5
Note: These did NOT pass through the official mail.
The "Tractor Expedition Marking" used on mail forwarded through Yatung, Tibet
  • Rare
  • Scarce
EV24-M4
III
E4
I
13
Dark blue label used on mail originating from expedition. Also used as a souvenir after the expedition.
  • Common
EV24-L1
-
-
-
NA
Light blue sold as souvenirs after the expedition.
  • Common
EV24-L2
-
-
-
NA
1932
The "Flying Carpet" Expedition Flight
Used on mail carried on the attempt to circumnavigate Mt. Everest.
EV32-M1
-
-
VIII
Per Stephen Smith, who provided the covers, 50 were flown.
EV32-L1
-
-
-
EV32-L2
-
-
-
1933
4th British Expedition
Used as a marking during the expedition while in Sikkim/Tibet.
EV33-M1
-
E5
III
13
1933
Houston Mt. Everest Expedition Flight
Used as a cancellation on expedition mail after the successful flight over Mt. Everest. The marking comes in various shades of color, violet to slate
EV33-M2
-
-
IX

19
Certified as flown over Everest

32
General mail - not certified as flown

See chapter for specific details.

Used primarily as a cachet on expedition mail. The marking comes in a couple colors, black and brick-red.
EV33-M3
-
-
X
Used as a cachet and label on covers flown during a local survey (possible filming) flight on April 8th. The fee to purchase a cover was used to raise funds for charity. The cachet and label were designed by Stephen Smith. (Not flown over Mt. Everest).
EV33-M4
-
-
XI
Per Stephen Smith, who provided the covers, 87 were flown.
EV33-L1
-
-
-
1935
5th British Reconnaissance Expedition
Only known on one cover mailed to/from Darjeeling, India.
EV35-M1
-
-
-
1
1936
6th British Expedition
Used during the expedition while in Sikkim/Tibet.
EV36-M1
-
E6
IV

5
Non-Theft

12
Theft

See chapter for specific details.

1938
7th British Expedition

There is no confirmed expedition specific marking.

* Waterfall identifies the common postal marking "UNDER CERTIFICATE OF POSTING" as an expedition marking. This is not an expedition marking, but a postal marking for tracking purposes.

-
-
E7*
V*
*
4
1953
Climbing
Used during the expedition while in Nepal.
EV53-M1
-
-
VI
Several - No numbers at this time.
1963
American Mt. Everest Expedition
Used during the expedition while in Nepal. The label was created by Lawrence Swan.
EV63-M1
-
-
-
Several - No numbers at this time.
EV63-M2
-
-
-
EV63-L1
-
-
-

Table A-2 - K2, also known as Mt. Godwin Austen (K2)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1954
Italian
Climbing

Used during the expedition.
K254-M1
Used as a government cancellation for a short time in Skardu and Gilgit, Pakistan July - September
K254-M2

1960
U.S.
Expedition

Used during the expedition.
K260-M1

Table A-3 - Kangchenjunga (KA)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1955
British
Expedition

Used during the expedition while in Nepal.
KA55-M1

Table A-4 - Lhotse (LH)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

-

No pre-1970 Lhotse expedition markings have been identified.
-
-

Table A-5 - Makalu (MA)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1954
California Himalayan Expedition to Makalu

Used as markings on expedition mail and souvenir mail. The circular marking was reused during the 1960 expedition. Markings are found in both balck and red.

The "CARRIED BY RUNNER" marking is only found on the regular expedition mail. It was not applied to the souviner covers.

MA54-M1
MA54-M2
MA54-M3
Used as labels on expedition mail and souvenir mail. The labels were created by Lawrence Swan.
MA54-L1r
MA54-L1b
MA54-L1g

1955
French
Expedition

Used during the expedition.
MA55-M1

1960-61
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition
(also known as "The Hillary Expedition")

Used as markings on expedition mail. The circular (M1) marking was a reuse of the 1954 marking device.
MA60-M1v
(see MA54-M1)
MA60-M2
The "Map" label was used on expedition mail. The label was created by Lawrence Swan.
MA55-L1
The "Map & Yeti Footprint" label was used on expedition mail. The label was created by Lawrence Swan.
MA55-L2

Table A-6 - Cho Oyu (CO)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

-

No pre-1970 Cho Oyu expedition markings have been identified.
-
-

Table A-7 - Dhaulagiri I (D1)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1958
Schweizerische Dhaulagiri Himalaya Expedition

Used as a cancellation on expedition mail.
D158-M1

1960
Swiss Dhaulagiri Expedition

Used during the expedition. The marking comes in various shades of color to include, violet, blue, black.
D160-M1
Used while in Kathmandu (Ekatakuna, Jawalakhel district).
D160-M2

Table A-8 - Manaslu (MN)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

-

No pre-1970 Manaslu expedition markings have been identified.
-
-

Table A-9 - Nanga Parbat (NP)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1934
German Himalaya Expedition

A personal label used by Peter Mullritter during the expedition.
NP34-L1

1962
Deutsche Diamir Expedition

Used during the expedition.
(Need to capture actual graphic)
NP62-M1

1964
German Rupal Expedition

Used during the expedition.
NP64-M1

1968
German Rupal Expedition

Used during the expedition.
NP68-M1

1970
German Rupal Expedition

Used during the expedition.
NA
Reused 1968 marking with same color

Table A-10 - Annapurna (AN)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1970
British Nepalese Army Expedition

Used during the expedition.
AN70-M1
To be captured
Used during the expedition.
AN70-M2
To be captured
Used during the expedition.
AN70-M3
To be captured

1970
South Face Expedition

Used during the expedition.
AN70-M4r
Used during the expedition.
AN70-M4b

Table A-11 - Gasherbrum I, also known as Hidden Peak (G1)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1958
Osterreichische Himalaya Expedition

Used during the expedition to Haramosh while in Pakistan. Initial plan was for Gasherbrum I/Hidden Peak, but permission was not granted.
TBR
 

Table A-12 - Broad Peak (BP)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

1954
German Himalayan Expedition

Used during the expedition. In various colors.

Not to be confused with the similar marking:
GERMAN-AUSTRIAN
HIMALAYA KARAKORUM
- EXPEDITION 1954 -
GILGIT (PAKISTAN)
BP54-M1
Label used on Albert Bitterling correspondence. (personal label?)
BP54-L1

1957
Austrian Karakoram Expedition

A personal label used by Hermann Buhl during the expedition.
BP57-L1

Table A-13 - Gasherbrum II (G2)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

-

No pre-1970 Gasherbrum II expedition markings have been identified.
-
-

Table A-13 - Shishapangma (SH)

Expedition
Description
ID (new)
Image

-

No pre-1970 Shishapangma expedition markings have been identified.
-
-

Copyright 2022, Eddie Hackstaff